[Publicación] "NATO 2030: Embrace the Change, Guard the Values" (Informe proceso OTAN 2030)


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This report is guided by the belief that the Alliance must broaden and re-conceptualise security to more accurately account for the evolving threats the Alliance is facing. At the same time, there is an enduring need to preserve territorial integrity and national sovereignty through traditional military strength to effectively deter and defend. Deterrence continues to be of paramount importance, and it remains cheaper and more sustainable to deter than to defend.

We also believe that interconnecting security challenges like human security, climate change and a potentially dangerous race for technological supremacy need to be better acknowledged. These challenges will affect and shape NATO's traditional defence, deterrence and security role. While being cautious not to over-securitise new policy areas or over-extend its mandate, NATO can lead, add value and synergise to be more effective in its mission by encompassing these new areas.

The Group's recommendations reflect a more comprehensive, holistic, and inclusive under-standing of security towards the 2030s. Climate change has deeply destabilising effects on international peace and security and, more crucially, on the mere existence of life on earth. Meanwhile, the relationship between the empowerment of women and girls, on the one hand, and long-term global security and stability, on the other, is now widely accepted and well documented. Therefore, NATO should feature non-traditional security challenges more prominently on its agenda. Hard power alone is already insufficient to respond to today and tomor-row's challenges.

Defending the Euro-Atlantic area is a moving target. As challenges to this space increasingly come from areas beyond the immediate neighbourhood, the Alliance must bolster and expand its outreach. Although NATO's mandate remains regional, its mindset should be global. To be effective, NATO needs to ensure that the transatlantic partnership between Europe and North America rests on a more equitable sharing of responsibilities for our common security. 4In a world characterised by growing great power competition, the Alliance should commit to a Values Pledge and champion its democratic values. NATO must be a beacon for democracy, transparency and accountability. First at home, and then abroad, leading by example along with a Global Partnership for Peace. NATO also should not risk becoming a victim of its own success: reaching for the hearts and minds of younger generations is imperative. Therefore, NATO needs to double down on smart communication and meaningful engagement about the Alliance's role in ensuring freedom, security and prosperity across the Euro-Atlantic region.

NATO has a responsibility to address the greatest peril of our and the next generation: climate change. Climate change is a significant threat multiplier and an existential threat to Allied populations in the long term. It not only impacts Allied militaries' operational capabilities but also alters the security environment in areas of concern to the Alliance. To fulfil its core mission of keeping the Euro-Atlantic space safe, NATO should climate-proof its policies and operations while helping Allies and partners reduce their emissions in ways that do not compromise oper-ational effectiveness.

Maintaining the technological edge of the Alliance is paramount for collective deterrence and defence. NATO should more proactively develop and adopt emerging and disruptive technologies by developing the NATO "STRIVE": Strategic Technology Research, Identification, eValuation Ecosystem; while seeking to become an ethical norm-setter, allowing values be the shepherd of technological development and reinforced deterrence in the 21st century.

As the title of this report illustrates, the NATO 2030 Young Leaders Group would like to see an Alliance in 2030, which guards its strengths and values with the one hand and embraces change with the other. While recognising the current and ongoing political dynamics in the Alliance, the recommendations of this report provide an indication of where younger generations wish for the Alliance to be by 2030, and, in accordance with its own principles and objectives, serve them as part of a new Strategic Concept for NATO.